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Assessment of Gifted Children: Characteristics

Academically talented students: They don't think the way we think they think

This book chapter by Nicholas Colangelo was originally used as a keynote address, so the chapter consists of a combination of text and overheads. The article describes what academically talented kids have to say about various school subjects, school in general, parental involvement in their lives and peer issues. ...

Bloom's Taxonomy: Taxonomy of Educational Objectives - Condensed Version

This article is a summarized version of the Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. Different aspects of knowledge are covered, as well as a summary of intellectual abilitiies and skills. ...

Characteristics of intellectually advanced young people

This brief list offers some common characteristics of highly intelligent young people. Please keep in mind that this list is not comprehensive in that each young person has individual traits and interests. ...

Child prodigies: A distinctive form of giftedness

This article by David Feldman is described in the abstract: "The basic premise of this article is that the child prodigy is a distinct form of giftedness which must be understood on its own terms. In contrast with the child of great general ability, the prodigy tends to have a more focused, specialized, and domain-specific form of giftedness. Studies of prodigies have contributed to changing theories about the nature of giftedness (e.g., from single to multiple) and will likely continue to do so. Along with the related phenomenon of savant synd ...

Does writing prodigy exist? How to identify and nurture children with extraordinary writing talent

This article is a book chapter excerpted from Talent Development. Author Jane Piirto states that writing prodigy may in fact be more common that previously thought. She provides an example and identifies 16 characteristics found in students who are writing at an advanced level of competence. ...

Exceptionally gifted children: Different minds

This article by Deirdre Lovecky examines the thinking processes that differentiate exceptionally gifted children, those with above 170 IQ, from moderately gifted children. Researchers have observed several cognitive differences, both quantitative and qualitative, between the ways these two gifted groups process information. Among these differences are the ability to reason abstractly at an early age, being able to grasp the essential part of a complex idea, a high capacity for empathy, exceptional memory, inclination toward immersion (taking in ...

Extreme Precocity: Prodigies, Savants, and Children of Extraordinarily High IQ

In this article, types of extremely precocious children are described, compared, and contrasted, and a taxonomy of extreme precocity is presented. ...

Giftedness and the Gifted: What's It All About?

This article defines giftedness and characteristics associated with gifted learners. Unfortunately, there are many misconceptions of the term, all of which become deterrents to understanding the needs of gifted children. ...

Giftedness: The view from within

This article by Martha Morelock introduces the Columbus Group's definition of giftedness as asynchronous development. The reader is also given a developmental picture of giftedness that extends beyond achievement. The author focuses on giftedness "from the inside out," demonstrating how advanced cognitive development shapes the rest of the personality. ...

Hidden gifted learner: The exceptionally gifted child

This article is actually two parts of a two-part series. In it Deirdre Lovecky addresses the subject of highly gifted learners not performing well in traditional school environments. She describes how exceptionally gifted learners are different from gifted learners: their "extreme need for constant mental stimulation;" their more complex mental processing; their "exploration of topics in depth and for prolonged periods, sometimes without a defined goal in mind." ...

Is other worldliness a trait of high intelligence?

This article is an op-ed by Bob and Jan Davidson. It was written in reply to the new trait of "other worldliness" that is being assigned to profoundly gifted young people. The Davidsons express concern that this trend is harmful to these children. ...

Mathematically Gifted Students: How Can We Meet Their Needs?

This article discusses the identification of the characteristics of the gifted math student, how school districts comply with the child’s needs, and how teachers can learn the importance of differentiation of instruction. ...

Neither freak nor geek: The gifted among us

James Delisle discusses how gifted individuals are among all of us, and how we need to respect their gifts and acknowledge their abilities. "You can't train children to be gifted; you can only cherish and protect the insights and vision they possess naturally." ...

Our future leaders in science: Who are they? Can we identify them early?

This article describes what SMPY has learned about the characteristics of individuals who are likely to become our top scientists and engineers of the future and attempts to answer these questions: Who are these individuals? What were their educational experiences? And how did they feel about them? The authors argue that certain attributes determine whether a person excels in both educational and vocational endeavors, all hinging on an appropriate learning environment. Authored by Camilla Benbow, David Lubinski and Hossain Sanjani. ...

Profiles of the gifted and talented

This article by George Betts and Maureen Neihart offers a succinct chart that profiles 6 different "types" of gifted individuals. They are successful, challenging, underground, dropouts, double-labeled and autonomous. It includes their feelings, attitudes, behaviors, needs, adults & peers perceptions, identification, home and school support. ...

Teaching clever kids

This article by William Fergusson is one teacher's account of the highly intelligent children he has had in his classroom. The author offers a brief description of a number of traits and behaviors he has observed. His experience is that they are not the oddballs that society imagines them to be, but rather are quite normal with extraordinary abilities. ...

The 10 most commonly asked questions about highly gifted children

This article by Kathi Kearney asks and answers 10 common questions about profoundly gifted children. They include questions on family, identification and education. Kearney offers thoughtful, researched-based answers to these questions. ...

The diverse profile of the extremely gifted child

This article by Carolyn McGuffog, Candice Feiring and Michael Lewis presents the diverse profiles of extremely gifted children under the age of four. Examples of some of the multiple factors beyond IQ, such as emotional characteristics, social knowledge and relationships and environment, that have an effect on young gifted children's skill performance are highlighted. The case studies presented in the article illustrate that the profiles of extremely gifted children show no singular pattern. However, the predominant factor in these children's ...

The mysterious case of extreme giftedness

This article is a book chapter by David Feldman. The author provides an overall summary of what was and was not known about extreme giftedness, ca. 1979. Feldman also raises thought-provoking questions about why we know so little and what future research is needed. ...

The uncommonly bright child

This article is a book chapter by Halbert Robinson. Based on the author's work with extremely gifted children in a special preschool and in an early college program, it summarizes some of the developmental, psychological, assessment and educational issues facing profoundly gifted children. He identifies these children as being "at-risk for greatness." ...

With the eyes of a teacher

This article written by Mary Coleman, discusses the importance of teachers in nurturing gifted students. This article outlines factors that should be evaluated when determining if a child is gifted and signs that gifted children are likely to demonstrate. ...

Assessment of Gifted Children: Identification

The on-going dilemma of effective identification practices in gifted education

This article by Joyce VanTassel-Baska covers the problems schools face in trying to identify gifted students. Some of the issues are discussed and best practices, according to research, are explained. The author advocates above-level assessments to avoid the ceiling effect and provide better differentiation among those identified as gifted. ...

What is this "gifted" thing anyway?

This article provides a brief description of gifted education and tips on how to explain giftedness to others. ...

Developmental: Early Childhood

The highly gifted baby

This article by Kathi Kearney points out the need to recognize the gifted early in life. It also discusses the lack of research and makes a strong case for more study of highly gifted infants. It offers a handful of references on high intelligence in the very young. ...

Developmental: Twice Exceptional

Special Education Process: IEP vs. 504 Plan

This article provides information on both the IEP and 504 plans, as well as who qualifies for each of them. ...

The Goldilocks Question: How to Support your 2e Child and Get it “Just Right”

This article examines three situations common to twice-exceptional children and their parents. From them, guidelines to help parents determine just how much support to give their struggling twice-exceptional children are provided. ...

Parenting: Parenting Strategies

Understanding and encouraging the exceptionally gifted

This article by Bruce Kline and Elizabeth Meckstroth defines several pervasive characteristics and needs of exceptionally gifted children. It also identifies some corresponding options to nurture their sense of competence, confidence, and life satisfaction in synergy with their environment. The areas of critical development highlighted are interpersonal relationships, acknowledgement of uniqueness, school adjustment, creative self-expressions, and user-friendly environment. For each of these developmental areas the author suggests several inter ...

Parenting: Tips for Parents

Tips for Parents: Intellectual Assessment of Exceptionally and Profoundly Gifted Children

This Tips for Parents article is from a seminar hosted by John Wasserman, who covers 14 great bullet point recommendations on the subject of assesment. ...

Support Materials: Book Reviews

Losing Our Minds: Gifted Children Left Behind

BOOK REVIEW (Davidson Institute) - Losing Our Minds is a welcome addition to the literature on understanding and supporting bright young people, who are too often overlooked and therefore not provided with opportunities for appropriate learning environments. In addition to the compelling narrative punctuated with case studies, the book focuses on solutions to identified problems. ...

Misdiagnosis and Dual Diagnoses of Gifted Children and Adults

BOOK REVIEW (Davidson Institute) - Misdiagnosis and Dual Diagnoses of Gifted Children and Adults addresses the development issues and implications of misunderstanding gifted young people and adults. The authors James, Edward, Nadia, Jean, Paul, and Richard emphasize the need for greater awareness of how giftedness (in the context of environmental factors) impacts the diagnostic process. In addition, the book provides ideas on appropriate interventions that will hopefully improve the quality of life for gifted individuals and those who i ...

When Gifted Kids Don’t Have All The Answers: How to Meet Their Social and Emotional Needs

BOOK REVIEW (Davidson Institute) - When Gifted Kids Don't Have All The Answers by Jim Delisle and Judy Galbraith explains what giftedness means, how gifted kids are identified, and how we might improve the identification process. Then they take a close-up look at gifted kids from the inside out-their social and emotional needs. Topics include self-image and self-esteem, perfectionism, multipotential, depression, feelings of "differentness," and stress. ...

Support Materials: Interviews

Interview with Marianne Kuzujanakis on Misdiagnosis

The following Q&A on misdiagnosis was written by Marianne Kuzujanakis, MD, MPH, a pediatrician with a masters degree in public health from Harvard School of Public Health. She is a director of SENG (Supporting Emotional Needs of the Gifted) and a co-founder of the SENG Misdiagnosis Initiative, as well as a homeschool educator. ...