For GYAs (Gifted Young Adults), being a strong introvert or extravert, or being a balanced ambivert, can have an important influence on one's work, particularly if an individual strives for, or is placed in, leadership positions. The research is very clear that high-IQ people have an advantage in nearly every area of career performance, except when there is a big mismatch between the IQ of the leader and the followers (e.g., there should not be an enormous gap between the levels of intelligence if success is the goal). Also, the research on leadership effectiveness promotes the following characteristics as advantageous: intelligence/openness to experience, extraversion, and conscientiousness---these are all scientific terms per the Big Five theory of personality. However, this does not mean that introverts can't be successful leaders. Many successful leaders are introverts who simply need to learn how to apply extraverted behaviors. The upshot is that to make this work they need to balance out their introverted tendencies with alone time, time for reflection, and other similar ways to "recharge the battery". It is also important to note that people who are introverted or shy may be misinterpreted by others as insensitive, asocial, or aloof loners. To prevent this, it is necessary to allow people to make contact and learn to be "effectively friendly" (which does not mean simply sending out emails). Of course, the job and job context make a difference. For instance, it might be much easier for introverts to do well in lab research, while it would be more challenging to be a political candidate. Nonetheless, the resiliency, adaptability, and multiple talents of the gifted go a long way toward making the introversion/extraversion issue less problematic.
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