Reviewed by Davidson Institute for Talent Development.Acceleration in schooling is necessary to meet the educational needs of exceptionally gifted students. Acceleration results in the student completing formal school in less time than is usually required, and may be accomplished by early entrance to kindergarten, skipping grades, advanced placement, or receiving credit by examination.
In Growing Up Gifted Barbara Clark reviewed the research on acceleration including studies of Alexander & Skinner, 1980; Anderson, 1960; Bish & Fliegler, 1959; Braga, 1969; Brody & Benbow, 1987; Fund for the Advancement of Education, 1957; Gallagher, 1966; Justman, 1953, Lehman, 1953; Lucito, 1964; Morgan, Tennant, & Goldman, 1980; Plowman & Rice, 1967; Pressey, 1955; Reynolds, 1962; Terman & Oden, 1947; Worcester, 1955.
She reports that the research found that acceleration had "almost uniformly positive results" for gifted students. Clark synthesized the research and summarizes the following rationales and advantages for accelerating gifted students:
This article is provided as a service of the Davidson Institute for Talent Development, a 501(c)3 nonprofit dedicated to supporting profoundly gifted young people 18 and under. To learn more about the Davidson Institute’s programs, please visit www.DavidsonGifted.org.
The appearance of any information in the Davidson Institute's Database does not imply an endorsement by, or any affiliation with, the Davidson Institute. All information presented is for informational purposes only and is solely the opinion of and the responsibility of the author. Although reasonable effort is made to present accurate information, the Davidson Institute makes no guarantees of any kind, including as to accuracy or completeness. Use of such information is at the sole risk of the reader.